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basename

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

basenameReturns trailing name component of path

Description

string basename ( string $path [, string $suffix ] )

Given a string containing the path to a file or directory, this function will return the trailing name component.

Parameters

path

A path.

On Windows, both slash (/) and backslash (\) are used as directory separator character. In other environments, it is the forward slash (/).

suffix

If the name component ends in suffix this will also be cut off.

Return Values

Returns the base name of the given path.

Changelog

Version Description
4.1.0 The suffix parameter was added

Examples

Example #1 basename() example

<?php
echo "1) ".basename("/etc/sudoers.d"".d").PHP_EOL;
echo 
"2) ".basename("/etc/passwd").PHP_EOL;
echo 
"3) ".basename("/etc/").PHP_EOL;
echo 
"4) ".basename(".").PHP_EOL;
echo 
"5) ".basename("/");
?>

The above example will output:

1) sudoers
2) passwd
3) etc
4) .
5) 

Notes

Note:

basename() operates naively on the input string, and is not aware of the actual filesystem, or path components such as "..".

Note:

basename() is locale aware, so for it to see the correct basename with multibyte character paths, the matching locale must be set using the setlocale() function.

See Also

  • dirname() - Returns parent directory's path
  • pathinfo() - Returns information about a file path

PHP Manual