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each

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

eachReturn the current key and value pair from an array and advance the array cursor

Description

array each ( array &$array )

Return the current key and value pair from an array and advance the array cursor.

After each() has executed, the array cursor will be left on the next element of the array, or past the last element if it hits the end of the array. You have to use reset() if you want to traverse the array again using each.

Parameters

array

The input array.

Return Values

Returns the current key and value pair from the array array. This pair is returned in a four-element array, with the keys 0, 1, key, and value. Elements 0 and key contain the key name of the array element, and 1 and value contain the data.

If the internal pointer for the array points past the end of the array contents, each() returns FALSE.

Examples

Example #1 each() examples

<?php
$foo 
= array("bob""fred""jussi""jouni""egon""marliese");
$bar each($foo);
print_r($bar);
?>

$bar now contains the following key/value pairs:

Array
(
    [1] => bob
    [value] => bob
    [0] => 0
    [key] => 0
)

<?php
$foo 
= array("Robert" => "Bob""Seppo" => "Sepi");
$bar each($foo);
print_r($bar);
?>

$bar now contains the following key/value pairs:

Array
(
    [1] => Bob
    [value] => Bob
    [0] => Robert
    [key] => Robert
)

each() is typically used in conjunction with list() to traverse an array, here's an example:

Example #2 Traversing an array with each()

<?php
$fruit 
= array('a' => 'apple''b' => 'banana''c' => 'cranberry');

reset($fruit);
while (list(
$key$val) = each($fruit)) {
    echo 
"$key => $val\n";
}
?>

The above example will output:

a => apple
b => banana
c => cranberry

Caution

Because assigning an array to another variable resets the original arrays pointer, our example above would cause an endless loop had we assigned $fruit to another variable inside the loop.

Warning

each() will also accept objects, but may return unexpected results. Its therefore not recommended to iterate though object properties with each().

See Also

  • key() - Fetch a key from an array
  • list() - Assign variables as if they were an array
  • current() - Return the current element in an array
  • reset() - Set the internal pointer of an array to its first element
  • next() - Advance the internal array pointer of an array
  • prev() - Rewind the internal array pointer
  • foreach
  • Object Iteration

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