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finfo_open

finfo::__construct

(PHP >= 5.3.0, PECL fileinfo >= 0.1.0)

finfo_open -- finfo::__constructCreate a new fileinfo resource

Description

Procedural style

resource finfo_open ([ int $options = FILEINFO_NONE [, string $magic_file = NULL ]] )

Object oriented style (constructor):

public finfo::__construct ([ int $options = FILEINFO_NONE [, string $magic_file = NULL ]] )

This function opens a magic database and returns its resource.

Parameters

options

One or disjunction of more Fileinfo constants.

magic_file

Name of a magic database file, usually something like /path/to/magic.mime. If not specified, the MAGIC environment variable is used. If the environment variable isn't set, then PHP's bundled magic database will be used.

Passing NULL or an empty string will be equivalent to the default value.

Return Values

(Procedural style only) Returns a magic database resource on success or FALSE on failure.

Notes

Warning

The expected magic database format changed in PHP 5.3.11 and 5.4.1. Due to this, the internal magic database was upgraded. This mostly effects code where an external magic database is used: reading an older magic file will now fail. Also, some textual representations of the mime types has changed, for instance for PHP would be "PHP script, ASCII text" instead of "PHP script text" returned.

Note:

Generally, using the bundled magic database (by leaving magic_file and the MAGIC environment variables unset) is the best course of action unless you specifically need a custom magic database.

Examples

Example #1 Object oriented style

<?php
$finfo 
= new finfo(FILEINFO_MIME"/usr/share/misc/magic"); // return mime type ala mimetype extension

/* get mime-type for a specific file */
$filename "/usr/local/something.txt";
echo 
$finfo->file($filename);

?>

Example #2 Procedural style

<?php
$finfo 
finfo_open(FILEINFO_MIME"/usr/share/misc/magic"); // return mime type ala mimetype extension

if (!$finfo) {
    echo 
"Opening fileinfo database failed";
    exit();
}

/* get mime-type for a specific file */
$filename "/usr/local/something.txt";
echo 
finfo_file($finfo$filename);

/* close connection */
finfo_close($finfo);
?>

The above example will output:

text/plain; charset=us-ascii

See Also

PHP Manual