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func_get_arg

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

func_get_argReturn an item from the argument list

Description

mixed func_get_arg ( int $arg_num )

Gets the specified argument from a user-defined function's argument list.

This function may be used in conjunction with func_get_args() and func_num_args() to allow user-defined functions to accept variable-length argument lists.

Parameters

arg_num

The argument offset. Function arguments are counted starting from zero.

Return Values

Returns the specified argument, or FALSE on error.

Changelog

Version Description
5.3.0 This function can now be used in parameter lists.
5.3.0 If this function is called from the outermost scope of a file which has been included by calling include() or require() from within a function in the calling file, it now generates a warning and returns FALSE.

Errors/Exceptions

Generates a warning if called from outside of a user-defined function, or if arg_num is greater than the number of arguments actually passed.

Examples

Example #1 func_get_arg() example

<?php
function foo()
{
     
$numargs func_num_args();
     echo 
"Number of arguments: $numargs<br />\n";
     if (
$numargs >= 2) {
         echo 
"Second argument is: " func_get_arg(1) . "<br />\n";
     }
}

foo (123);
?>

Example #2 func_get_arg() example before and after PHP 5.3

test.php
<?php
function foo() {
    include 
'./fga.inc';
}

foo('First arg''Second arg');
?>

fga.inc
<?php

$arg 
func_get_arg(1);
var_export($arg);

?>

Output previous to PHP 5.3:

'Second arg'

Output in PHP 5.3 and later:

Warning: func_get_arg():  Called from the global scope - no function
context in /home/torben/Desktop/code/ml/fga.inc on line 3
false

Example #3 func_get_arg() example of byref and byval arguments

<?php
function byVal($arg) {
    echo 
'As passed     : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
    
$arg 'baz';
    echo 
'After change  : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
}

function 
byRef(&$arg) {
    echo 
'As passed     : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
    
$arg 'baz';
    echo 
'After change  : 'var_export(func_get_arg(0)), PHP_EOL;
}

$arg 'bar';
byVal($arg);
byRef($arg);
?>

The above example will output:


As passed : 'bar'
After change : 'bar'
As passed : 'bar'
After change : 'baz'

Notes

Note:

Because this function depends on the current scope to determine parameter details, it cannot be used as a function parameter in versions prior to 5.3.0. If this value must be passed, the results should be assigned to a variable, and that variable should be passed.

Note:

If the arguments are passed by reference, any changes to the arguments will be reflected in the values returned by this function.

Note: This function returns a copy of the passed arguments only, and does not account for default (non-passed) arguments.

See Also

PHP Manual