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imagecopyresampled

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.6, PHP 5)

imagecopyresampledCopy and resize part of an image with resampling

Description

bool imagecopyresampled ( resource $dst_image , resource $src_image , int $dst_x , int $dst_y , int $src_x , int $src_y , int $dst_w , int $dst_h , int $src_w , int $src_h )

imagecopyresampled() copies a rectangular portion of one image to another image, smoothly interpolating pixel values so that, in particular, reducing the size of an image still retains a great deal of clarity.

In other words, imagecopyresampled() will take a rectangular area from src_image of width src_w and height src_h at position (src_x,src_y) and place it in a rectangular area of dst_image of width dst_w and height dst_h at position (dst_x,dst_y).

If the source and destination coordinates and width and heights differ, appropriate stretching or shrinking of the image fragment will be performed. The coordinates refer to the upper left corner. This function can be used to copy regions within the same image (if dst_image is the same as src_image) but if the regions overlap the results will be unpredictable.

Parameters

dst_image

Destination image link resource.

src_image

Source image link resource.

dst_x

x-coordinate of destination point.

dst_y

y-coordinate of destination point.

src_x

x-coordinate of source point.

src_y

y-coordinate of source point.

dst_w

Destination width.

dst_h

Destination height.

src_w

Source width.

src_h

Source height.

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Examples

Example #1 Simple example

This example will resample an image to half its original size.

<?php
// The file
$filename 'test.jpg';
$percent 0.5;

// Content type
header('Content-Type: image/jpeg');

// Get new dimensions
list($width$height) = getimagesize($filename);
$new_width $width $percent;
$new_height $height $percent;

// Resample
$image_p imagecreatetruecolor($new_width$new_height);
$image imagecreatefromjpeg($filename);
imagecopyresampled($image_p$image0000$new_width$new_height$width$height);

// Output
imagejpeg($image_pnull100);
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Output of example : Simple example

Example #2 Resampling an image proportionally

This example will display an image with the maximum width, or height, of 200 pixels.

<?php
// The file
$filename 'test.jpg';

// Set a maximum height and width
$width 200;
$height 200;

// Content type
header('Content-Type: image/jpeg');

// Get new dimensions
list($width_orig$height_orig) = getimagesize($filename);

$ratio_orig $width_orig/$height_orig;

if (
$width/$height $ratio_orig) {
   
$width $height*$ratio_orig;
} else {
   
$height $width/$ratio_orig;
}

// Resample
$image_p imagecreatetruecolor($width$height);
$image imagecreatefromjpeg($filename);
imagecopyresampled($image_p$image0000$width$height$width_orig$height_orig);

// Output
imagejpeg($image_pnull100);
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Output of example : Resampling an image proportionally

Notes

Note:

There is a problem due to palette image limitations (255+1 colors). Resampling or filtering an image commonly needs more colors than 255, a kind of approximation is used to calculate the new resampled pixel and its color. With a palette image we try to allocate a new color, if that failed, we choose the closest (in theory) computed color. This is not always the closest visual color. That may produce a weird result, like blank (or visually blank) images. To skip this problem, please use a truecolor image as a destination image, such as one created by imagecreatetruecolor().

See Also

imagecopyresized() - Copy and resize part of an image

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