PhpRiot
Become Zend Certified

Prepare for the ZCE exam using our quizzes (web or iPad/iPhone). More info...


When you're ready get 7.5% off your exam voucher using voucher CJQNOV23 at the Zend Store

imagefilter

(PHP 5)

imagefilterApplies a filter to an image

Description

bool imagefilter ( resource $image , int $filtertype [, int $arg1 [, int $arg2 [, int $arg3 [, int $arg4 ]]]] )

imagefilter() applies the given filter filtertype on the image.

Parameters

image

An image resource, returned by one of the image creation functions, such as imagecreatetruecolor().

filtertype

filtertype can be one of the following:

  • IMG_FILTER_NEGATE: Reverses all colors of the image.
  • IMG_FILTER_GRAYSCALE: Converts the image into grayscale.
  • IMG_FILTER_BRIGHTNESS: Changes the brightness of the image. Use arg1 to set the level of brightness.
  • IMG_FILTER_CONTRAST: Changes the contrast of the image. Use arg1 to set the level of contrast.
  • IMG_FILTER_COLORIZE: Like IMG_FILTER_GRAYSCALE, except you can specify the color. Use arg1, arg2 and arg3 in the form of red, green, blue and arg4 for the alpha channel. The range for each color is 0 to 255.
  • IMG_FILTER_EDGEDETECT: Uses edge detection to highlight the edges in the image.
  • IMG_FILTER_EMBOSS: Embosses the image.
  • IMG_FILTER_GAUSSIAN_BLUR: Blurs the image using the Gaussian method.
  • IMG_FILTER_SELECTIVE_BLUR: Blurs the image.
  • IMG_FILTER_MEAN_REMOVAL: Uses mean removal to achieve a "sketchy" effect.
  • IMG_FILTER_SMOOTH: Makes the image smoother. Use arg1 to set the level of smoothness.
  • IMG_FILTER_PIXELATE: Applies pixelation effect to the image, use arg1 to set the block size and arg2 to set the pixelation effect mode.

arg1

  • IMG_FILTER_BRIGHTNESS: Brightness level.
  • IMG_FILTER_CONTRAST: Contrast level.
  • IMG_FILTER_COLORIZE: Value of red component.
  • IMG_FILTER_SMOOTH: Smoothness level.
  • IMG_FILTER_PIXELATE: Block size in pixels.

arg2

  • IMG_FILTER_COLORIZE: Value of green component.
  • IMG_FILTER_PIXELATE: Whether to use advanced pixelation effect or not (defaults to FALSE).

arg3

  • IMG_FILTER_COLORIZE: Value of blue component.

arg4

  • IMG_FILTER_COLORIZE: Alpha channel, A value between 0 and 127. 0 indicates completely opaque while 127 indicates completely transparent.

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Changelog

Version Description
5.3.0 Pixelation support (IMG_FILTER_PIXELATE) was added.
5.2.5 Alpha support for IMG_FILTER_COLORIZE was added.

Examples

Example #1 imagefilter() grayscale example

<?php
$im 
imagecreatefrompng('dave.png');

if(
$im && imagefilter($imIMG_FILTER_GRAYSCALE))
{
    echo 
'Image converted to grayscale.';

    
imagepng($im'dave.png');
}
else
{
    echo 
'Conversion to grayscale failed.';
}

imagedestroy($im);
?>

Example #2 imagefilter() brightness example

<?php
$im 
imagecreatefrompng('sean.png');

if(
$im && imagefilter($imIMG_FILTER_BRIGHTNESS20))
{
    echo 
'Image brightness changed.';

    
imagepng($im'sean.png');
    
imagedestroy($im);
}
else
{
    echo 
'Image brightness change failed.';
}
?>

Example #3 imagefilter() colorize example

<?php
$im 
imagecreatefrompng('philip.png');

/* R, G, B, so 0, 255, 0 is green */
if($im && imagefilter($imIMG_FILTER_COLORIZE02550))
{
    echo 
'Image successfully shaded green.';

    
imagepng($im'philip.png');
    
imagedestroy($im);
}
else
{
    echo 
'Green shading failed.';
}
?>

Example #4 imagefilter() negate example

<?php
// Define our negate function so its portable for 
// php versions without imagefilter()
function negate($im)
{
    if(
function_exists('imagefilter'))
    {
        return 
imagefilter($imIMG_FILTER_NEGATE);
    }

    for(
$x 0$x imagesx($im); ++$x)
    {
        for(
$y 0$y imagesy($im); ++$y)
        {
            
$index imagecolorat($im$x$y);
            
$rgb imagecolorsforindex($index);
            
$color imagecolorallocate($im255 $rgb['red'], 255 $rgb['green'], 255 $rgb['blue']);

            
imagesetpixel($im$x$y$color);
        }
    }

    return(
true);
}

$im imagecreatefromjpeg('kalle.jpg');

if(
$im && negate($im))
{
    echo 
'Image successfully converted to negative colors.';

    
imagejpeg($im'kalle.jpg'100);
    
imagedestroy($im);
}
else
{
    echo 
'Converting to negative colors failed.';
}
?>

Example #5 imagefilter() pixelate example

<?php
// Load the PHP logo, we need to create two instances 
// to show the differences
$logo1 imagecreatefrompng('./php.png');
$logo2 imagecreatefrompng('./php.png');

// Create the image instance we want to show the 
// differences on
$output imagecreatetruecolor(imagesx($logo1) * 2imagesy($logo1));

// Apply pixelation to each instance, with a block 
// size of 3
imagefilter($logo1IMG_FILTER_PIXELATE3);
imagefilter($logo2IMG_FILTER_PIXELATE3true);

// Merge the differences onto the output image
imagecopy($output$logo10000imagesx($logo1) - 1imagesy($logo1) - 1);
imagecopy($output$logo2imagesx($logo2), 000imagesx($logo2) - 1imagesy($logo2) - 1);
imagedestroy($logo1);
imagedestroy($logo2);

// Output the differences
header('Content-Type: image/png');
imagepng($output);
imagedestroy($output);
?>

The above example will output something similar to:

Output of example : imagefilter() pixelate

Notes

Note: This function is only available if PHP is compiled with the bundled version of the GD library.

See Also

PHP Manual