(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5)
msg_receive — Receive a message from a message queue
$unserialize= true [, int
$flags= 0 [, int
msg_receive() will receive the first message from the
queue of the type specified by
desiredmsgtypeis 0, the message from the front of the queue is returned. If
desiredmsgtypeis greater than 0, then the first message of that type is returned. If
desiredmsgtypeis less than 0, the first message on the queue with the lowest type less than or equal to the absolute value of
desiredmsgtypewill be read. If no messages match the criteria, your script will wait until a suitable message arrives on the queue. You can prevent the script from blocking by specifying
The type of the message that was received will be stored in this parameter.
The maximum size of message to be accepted is specified by the
maxsize; if the message in the queue is larger than this size the function will fail (unless you set
flagsas described below).
The received message will be stored in
message, unless there were errors receiving the message.
If set to
TRUE, the message is treated as though it was serialized using the same mechanism as the session module. The message will be unserialized and then returned to your script. This allows you to easily receive arrays or complex object structures from other PHP scripts, or if you are using the WDDX serializer, from any WDDX compatible source.
FALSE, the message will be returned as a binary-safe string.
flagsallows you to pass flags to the low-level msgrcv system call. It defaults to 0, but you may specify one or more of the following values (by adding or ORing them together).
Flag values for msg_receive
If there are no messages of the
desiredmsgtype, return immediately and do not wait. The function will fail and return an integer value corresponding to
Using this flag in combination with a
desiredmsgtypegreater than 0 will cause the function to receive the first message that is not equal to
If the message is longer than
maxsize, setting this flag will truncate the message to
maxsizeand will not signal an error.
If the function fails, the optional
errorcodewill be set to the value of the system errno variable.
TRUE on success or
FALSE on failure.
Upon successful completion the message queue data structure is updated as follows: msg_lrpid is set to the process-ID of the calling process, msg_qnum is decremented by 1 and msg_rtime is set to the current time.