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mysql_connect

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

mysql_connectOpen a connection to a MySQL Server

Warning

This extension is deprecated as of PHP 5.5.0, and will be removed in the future. Instead, the MySQLi or PDO_MySQL extension should be used. See also MySQL: choosing an API guide and related FAQ for more information. Alternatives to this function include:

Description

resource mysql_connect ([ string $server = ini_get("mysql.default_host") [, string $username = ini_get("mysql.default_user") [, string $password = ini_get("mysql.default_password") [, bool $new_link = false [, int $client_flags = 0 ]]]]] )

Opens or reuses a connection to a MySQL server.

Parameters

server

The MySQL server. It can also include a port number. e.g. "hostname:port" or a path to a local socket e.g. ":/path/to/socket" for the localhost.

If the PHP directive mysql.default_host is undefined (default), then the default value is 'localhost:3306'. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored and value 'localhost:3306' is always used.

username

The username. Default value is defined by mysql.default_user. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored and the name of the user that owns the server process is used.

password

The password. Default value is defined by mysql.default_password. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored and empty password is used.

new_link

If a second call is made to mysql_connect() with the same arguments, no new link will be established, but instead, the link identifier of the already opened link will be returned. The new_link parameter modifies this behavior and makes mysql_connect() always open a new link, even if mysql_connect() was called before with the same parameters. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored.

client_flags

The client_flags parameter can be a combination of the following constants: 128 (enable LOAD DATA LOCAL handling), MYSQL_CLIENT_SSL, MYSQL_CLIENT_COMPRESS, MYSQL_CLIENT_IGNORE_SPACE or MYSQL_CLIENT_INTERACTIVE. Read the section about MySQL client constants for further information. In SQL safe mode, this parameter is ignored.

Return Values

Returns a MySQL link identifier on success or FALSE on failure.

Changelog

Version Description
5.5.0 This function will generate an E_DEPRECATED error.
4.3.0 Added the client_flags parameter.
4.2.0 Added the new_link parameter.

Examples

Example #1 mysql_connect() example

<?php
$link 
mysql_connect('localhost''mysql_user''mysql_password');
if (!
$link) {
    die(
'Could not connect: ' mysql_error());
}
echo 
'Connected successfully';
mysql_close($link);
?>

Example #2 mysql_connect() example using hostname:port syntax

<?php
// we connect to example.com and port 3307
$link mysql_connect('example.com:3307''mysql_user''mysql_password');
if (!
$link) {
    die(
'Could not connect: ' mysql_error());
}
echo 
'Connected successfully';
mysql_close($link);

// we connect to localhost at port 3307
$link mysql_connect('127.0.0.1:3307''mysql_user''mysql_password');
if (!
$link) {
    die(
'Could not connect: ' mysql_error());
}
echo 
'Connected successfully';
mysql_close($link);
?>

Example #3 mysql_connect() example using ":/path/to/socket" syntax

<?php
// we connect to localhost and socket e.g. /tmp/mysql.sock

// variant 1: omit localhost
$link mysql_connect(':/tmp/mysql''mysql_user''mysql_password');
if (!
$link) {
    die(
'Could not connect: ' mysql_error());
}
echo 
'Connected successfully';
mysql_close($link);


// variant 2: with localhost
$link mysql_connect('localhost:/tmp/mysql.sock''mysql_user''mysql_password');
if (!
$link) {
    die(
'Could not connect: ' mysql_error());
}
echo 
'Connected successfully';
mysql_close($link);
?>

Notes

Note:

Whenever you specify "localhost" or "localhost:port" as server, the MySQL client library will override this and try to connect to a local socket (named pipe on Windows). If you want to use TCP/IP, use "127.0.0.1" instead of "localhost". If the MySQL client library tries to connect to the wrong local socket, you should set the correct path as in your PHP configuration and leave the server field blank.

Note:

The link to the server will be closed as soon as the execution of the script ends, unless it's closed earlier by explicitly calling mysql_close().

Note:

You can suppress the error message on failure by prepending a @ to the function name.

Note:

Error "Can't create TCP/IP socket (10106)" usually means that the variables_order configure directive doesn't contain character E. On Windows, if the environment is not copied the SYSTEMROOT environment variable won't be available and PHP will have problems loading Winsock.

See Also

PHP Manual