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mysql_fetch_field

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

mysql_fetch_fieldGet column information from a result and return as an object

Warning

This extension is deprecated as of PHP 5.5.0, and will be removed in the future. Instead, the MySQLi or PDO_MySQL extension should be used. See also MySQL: choosing an API guide and related FAQ for more information. Alternatives to this function include:

Description

object mysql_fetch_field ( resource $result [, int $field_offset = 0 ] )

Returns an object containing field information. This function can be used to obtain information about fields in the provided query result.

Parameters

result

The result resource that is being evaluated. This result comes from a call to mysql_query().

field_offset

The numerical field offset. If the field offset is not specified, the next field that was not yet retrieved by this function is retrieved. The field_offset starts at 0.

Return Values

Returns an object containing field information. The properties of the object are:

  • name - column name
  • table - name of the table the column belongs to, which is the alias name if one is defined
  • max_length - maximum length of the column
  • not_null - 1 if the column cannot be NULL
  • primary_key - 1 if the column is a primary key
  • unique_key - 1 if the column is a unique key
  • multiple_key - 1 if the column is a non-unique key
  • numeric - 1 if the column is numeric
  • blob - 1 if the column is a BLOB
  • type - the type of the column
  • unsigned - 1 if the column is unsigned
  • zerofill - 1 if the column is zero-filled

Examples

Example #1 mysql_fetch_field() example

<?php
$conn 
mysql_connect('localhost''mysql_user''mysql_password');
if (!
$conn) {
    die(
'Could not connect: ' mysql_error());
}
mysql_select_db('database');
$result mysql_query('select * from table');
if (!
$result) {
    die(
'Query failed: ' mysql_error());
}
/* get column metadata */
$i 0;
while (
$i mysql_num_fields($result)) {
    echo 
"Information for column $i:<br />\n";
    
$meta mysql_fetch_field($result$i);
    if (!
$meta) {
        echo 
"No information available<br />\n";
    }
    echo 
"<pre>
blob:         
$meta->blob
max_length:   
$meta->max_length
multiple_key: 
$meta->multiple_key
name:         
$meta->name
not_null:     
$meta->not_null
numeric:      
$meta->numeric
primary_key:  
$meta->primary_key
table:        
$meta->table
type:         
$meta->type
unique_key:   
$meta->unique_key
unsigned:     
$meta->unsigned
zerofill:     
$meta->zerofill
</pre>"
;
    
$i++;
}
mysql_free_result($result);
?>

Notes

Note: Field names returned by this function are case-sensitive.

Note:

If field or tablenames are aliased in the SQL query the aliased name will be returned. The original name can be retrieved for instance by using mysqli_result::fetch_field.

See Also

PHP Manual