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round

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

roundRounds a float

Description

float round ( float $val [, int $precision = 0 [, int $mode = PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP ]] )

Returns the rounded value of val to specified precision (number of digits after the decimal point). precision can also be negative or zero (default).

Note: PHP doesn't handle strings like "12,300.2" correctly by default. See converting from strings.

Parameters

val

The value to round

precision

The optional number of decimal digits to round to.

mode

Use one of the following constants to specify the mode in which rounding occurs.

Constant Description
PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP Round val up to precision decimal places away from zero, when it is half way there. Making 1.5 into 2 and -1.5 into -2.
PHP_ROUND_HALF_DOWN Round val down to precision decimal places towards zero, when it is half way there. Making 1.5 into 1 and -1.5 into -1.
PHP_ROUND_HALF_EVEN Round val to precision decimal places towards the next even value.
PHP_ROUND_HALF_ODD Round val to precision decimal places towards the next odd value.

Return Values

The rounded value

Examples

Example #1 round() examples

<?php
echo round(3.4);         // 3
echo round(3.5);         // 4
echo round(3.6);         // 4
echo round(3.60);      // 4
echo round(1.955832);  // 1.96
echo round(1241757, -3); // 1242000
echo round(5.0452);    // 5.05
echo round(5.0552);    // 5.06
?>

Example #2 mode examples

<?php
echo round(9.50PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP);   // 10
echo round(9.50PHP_ROUND_HALF_DOWN); // 9
echo round(9.50PHP_ROUND_HALF_EVEN); // 10
echo round(9.50PHP_ROUND_HALF_ODD);  // 9

echo round(8.50PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP);   // 9
echo round(8.50PHP_ROUND_HALF_DOWN); // 8
echo round(8.50PHP_ROUND_HALF_EVEN); // 8
echo round(8.50PHP_ROUND_HALF_ODD);  // 9
?>

Example #3 mode with precision examples

<?php
/* Using PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP with 1 decimal digit precision */
echo round1.551PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP);   //  1.6
echo round1.541PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP);   //  1.5
echo round(-1.551PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP);   // -1.6
echo round(-1.541PHP_ROUND_HALF_UP);   // -1.5

/* Using PHP_ROUND_HALF_DOWN with 1 decimal digit precision */
echo round1.551PHP_ROUND_HALF_DOWN); //  1.5
echo round1.541PHP_ROUND_HALF_DOWN); //  1.5
echo round(-1.551PHP_ROUND_HALF_DOWN); // -1.5
echo round(-1.541PHP_ROUND_HALF_DOWN); // -1.5

/* Using PHP_ROUND_HALF_EVEN with 1 decimal digit precision */
echo round1.551PHP_ROUND_HALF_EVEN); //  1.6
echo round1.541PHP_ROUND_HALF_EVEN); //  1.5
echo round(-1.551PHP_ROUND_HALF_EVEN); // -1.6
echo round(-1.541PHP_ROUND_HALF_EVEN); // -1.5

/* Using PHP_ROUND_HALF_ODD with 1 decimal digit precision */
echo round1.551PHP_ROUND_HALF_ODD);  //  1.5
echo round1.541PHP_ROUND_HALF_ODD);  //  1.5
echo round(-1.551PHP_ROUND_HALF_ODD);  // -1.5
echo round(-1.541PHP_ROUND_HALF_ODD);  // -1.5
?>

Changelog

Version Description
5.3.0 The mode parameter was introduced.
5.2.7 The inner workings of round() was changed to conform to the C99 standard.

See Also

PHP Manual