PhpRiot
Become Zend Certified

Prepare for the ZCE exam using our quizzes (web or iPad/iPhone). More info...


When you're ready get 7.5% off your exam voucher using voucher CJQNOV23 at the Zend Store

str_replace

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

str_replaceReplace all occurrences of the search string with the replacement string

Description

mixed str_replace ( mixed $search , mixed $replace , mixed $subject [, int &$count ] )

This function returns a string or an array with all occurrences of search in subject replaced with the given replace value.

If you don't need fancy replacing rules (like regular expressions), you should always use this function instead of preg_replace().

Parameters

If search and replace are arrays, then str_replace() takes a value from each array and uses them to search and replace on subject. If replace has fewer values than search, then an empty string is used for the rest of replacement values. If search is an array and replace is a string, then this replacement string is used for every value of search. The converse would not make sense, though.

If search or replace are arrays, their elements are processed first to last.

search

The value being searched for, otherwise known as the needle. An array may be used to designate multiple needles.

replace

The replacement value that replaces found search values. An array may be used to designate multiple replacements.

subject

The string or array being searched and replaced on, otherwise known as the haystack.

If subject is an array, then the search and replace is performed with every entry of subject, and the return value is an array as well.

count

If passed, this will be set to the number of replacements performed.

Return Values

This function returns a string or an array with the replaced values.

Changelog

Version Description
5.0.0 The count parameter was added.
4.3.3 The behaviour of this function changed. In older versions a bug existed when using arrays as both search and replace parameters which caused empty search indexes to be skipped without advancing the internal pointer on the replace array. This has been corrected in PHP 4.3.3, any scripts which relied on this bug should remove empty search values prior to calling this function in order to mimic the original behavior.
4.0.5 Most parameters can now be an array.

Examples

Example #1 Basic str_replace() examples

<?php
// Provides: <body text='black'>
$bodytag str_replace("%body%""black""<body text='%body%'>");

// Provides: Hll Wrld f PHP
$vowels = array("a""e""i""o""u""A""E""I""O""U");
$onlyconsonants str_replace($vowels"""Hello World of PHP");

// Provides: You should eat pizza, beer, and ice cream every day
$phrase  "You should eat fruits, vegetables, and fiber every day.";
$healthy = array("fruits""vegetables""fiber");
$yummy   = array("pizza""beer""ice cream");

$newphrase str_replace($healthy$yummy$phrase);

// Provides: 2
$str str_replace("ll""""good golly miss molly!"$count);
echo 
$count;
?>

Example #2 Examples of potential str_replace() gotchas

<?php
// Order of replacement
$str     "Line 1\nLine 2\rLine 3\r\nLine 4\n";
$order   = array("\r\n""\n""\r");
$replace '<br />';

// Processes \r\n's first so they aren't converted twice.
$newstr str_replace($order$replace$str);

// Outputs F because A is replaced with B, then B is replaced with C, and so on...
// Finally E is replaced with F, because of left to right replacements.
$search  = array('A''B''C''D''E');
$replace = array('B''C''D''E''F');
$subject 'A';
echo 
str_replace($search$replace$subject);

// Outputs: apearpearle pear
// For the same reason mentioned above
$letters = array('a''p');
$fruit   = array('apple''pear');
$text    'a p';
$output  str_replace($letters$fruit$text);
echo 
$output;
?>

Notes

Note: This function is binary-safe.

Caution

Replacement order gotcha

Because str_replace() replaces left to right, it might replace a previously inserted value when doing multiple replacements. See also the examples in this document.

Note:

This function is case-sensitive. Use str_ireplace() for case-insensitive replace.

See Also

PHP Manual