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substr_replace

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

substr_replaceReplace text within a portion of a string

Description

mixed substr_replace ( mixed $string , mixed $replacement , mixed $start [, mixed $length ] )

substr_replace() replaces a copy of string delimited by the start and (optionally) length parameters with the string given in replacement.

Parameters

string

The input string.

An array of strings can be provided, in which case the replacements will occur on each string in turn. In this case, the replacement, start and length parameters may be provided either as scalar values to be applied to each input string in turn, or as arrays, in which case the corresponding array element will be used for each input string.

replacement

The replacement string.

start

If start is positive, the replacing will begin at the start'th offset into string.

If start is negative, the replacing will begin at the start'th character from the end of string.

length

If given and is positive, it represents the length of the portion of string which is to be replaced. If it is negative, it represents the number of characters from the end of string at which to stop replacing. If it is not given, then it will default to strlen( string ); i.e. end the replacing at the end of string. Of course, if length is zero then this function will have the effect of inserting replacement into string at the given start offset.

Return Values

The result string is returned. If string is an array then array is returned.

Changelog

Version Description
4.3.3 All parameters now accept arrays.

Examples

Example #1 Simple substr_replace() examples

<?php
$var 
'ABCDEFGH:/MNRPQR/';
echo 
"Original: $var<hr />\n";

/* These two examples replace all of $var with 'bob'. */
echo substr_replace($var'bob'0) . "<br />\n";
echo 
substr_replace($var'bob'0strlen($var)) . "<br />\n";

/* Insert 'bob' right at the beginning of $var. */
echo substr_replace($var'bob'00) . "<br />\n";

/* These next two replace 'MNRPQR' in $var with 'bob'. */
echo substr_replace($var'bob'10, -1) . "<br />\n";
echo 
substr_replace($var'bob', -7, -1) . "<br />\n";

/* Delete 'MNRPQR' from $var. */
echo substr_replace($var''10, -1) . "<br />\n";
?>

Example #2 Using substr_replace() to replace multiple strings at once

<?php
$input 
= array('A: XXX''B: XXX''C: XXX');

// A simple case: replace XXX in each string with YYY.
echo implode('; 'substr_replace($input'YYY'33))."\n";

// A more complicated case where each replacement is different.
$replace = array('AAA''BBB''CCC');
echo 
implode('; 'substr_replace($input$replace33))."\n";

// Replace a different number of characters each time.
$length = array(123);
echo 
implode('; 'substr_replace($input$replace3$length))."\n";
?>

The above example will output:

A: YYY; B: YYY; C: YYY
A: AAA; B: BBB; C: CCC
A: AAAXX; B: BBBX; C: CCC

Notes

Note: This function is binary-safe.

See Also

PHP Manual