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Objects

Smarty allows access to PHP objects through the templates.

Note

When you assign/register objects to templates, be sure that all properties and methods accessed from the template are for presentation purposes only. It is very easy to inject application logic through objects, and this leads to poor designs that are difficult to manage. See the Best Practices section of the Smarty website.

There are two ways to access them.

  • One way is to register objects to the template, then use access them via syntax similar to custom functions.

  • The other way is to assign() objects to the templates and access them much like any other assigned variable.

The first method has a much nicer template syntax. It is also more secure, as a registered object can be restricted to certain methods or properties. However, a registered object cannot be looped over or assigned in arrays of objects, etc. The method you choose will be determined by your needs, but use the first method whenever possible to keep template syntax to a minimum.

If security is enabled, no private methods or functions can be accessed (beginningwith '_'). If a method and property of the same name exist, the method will be used.

You can restrict the methods and properties that can be accessed by listing them in an array as the third registration parameter.

By default, parameters passed to objects through the templates are passed the same way custom functions get them. An associative array is passed as the first parameter, and the smarty object as the second. If you want the parameters passed one at a time for each argument like traditional object parameter passing, set the fourth registration parameter to FALSE.

The optional fifth parameter has only effect with format being TRUE and contains a list of methods that should be treated as blocks. That means these methods have a closing tag in the template ({foobar->meth2}...{/foobar->meth2}) and the parameters to the methods have the same synopsis as the parameters for block-function-plugins: They get the four parameters $params, $content, $smarty and &$repeat and they also behave like block-function-plugins.

Example 249. Using a registered or assigned object



<?php
// the object

class My_Object {
    function 
meth1($params$smarty_obj) {
        return 
'this is my meth1';
    }
}

$myobj = new My_Object;

// registering the object (will be by reference)
$smarty->registerObject('foobar',$myobj);

// if we want to restrict access to certain methods or properties, list them
$smarty->registerObject('foobar',$myobj,array('meth1','meth2','prop1'));

// if you want to use the traditional object parameter format, pass a boolean of false
$smarty->registerObject('foobar',$myobj,null,false);

// We can also assign objects. assign_by_ref when possible.
$smarty->assign_by_ref('myobj'$myobj);

$smarty->display('index.tpl');
?>

  

And here's how to access your objects in index.tpl:


{* access our registered object *}
{foobar->meth1 p1='foo' p2=$bar}

{* you can also assign the output *}
{foobar->meth1 p1='foo' p2=$bar assign='output'}
the output was {$output}

{* access our assigned object *}
{$myobj->meth1('foo',$bar)}

  

See also registerObject() and assign().

Smarty Template Engine