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Zend_Controller_Front implements a Front Controller pattern used in Model-View-Controller (MVC) applications. Its purpose is to initialize the request environment, route the incoming request, and then dispatch any discovered actions; it aggregates any responses and returns them when the process is complete.

Zend_Controller_Front also implements the Singleton pattern, meaning only a single instance of it may be available at any given time. This allows it to also act as a registry on which the other objects in the dispatch process may draw.

Zend_Controller_Front registers a plugin broker with itself, allowing various events it triggers to be observed by plugins. In most cases, this gives the developer the opportunity to tailor the dispatch process to the site without the need to extend the front controller to add functionality.

At a bare minimum, the front controller needs one or more paths to directories containing action controllers in order to do its work. A variety of methods may also be invoked to further tailor the front controller environment and that of its helper classes.

Default Behaviour

By default, the front controller loads the ErrorHandler plugin, as well as the ViewRenderer action helper plugin. These are to simplify error handling and view renderering in your controllers, respectively.

To disable the ErrorHandler, perform the following at any point prior to calling dispatch():

// Disable the ErrorHandler plugin:

To disable the ViewRenderer, do the following prior to calling dispatch():

// Disable the ViewRenderer helper:

Zend Framework