Normally it is not necessary to close a database connection. PHP automatically cleans up all resources and the end of a request. Database extensions are designed to close the connection as the reference to the resource object is cleaned up.
However, if you have a long-duration PHP script that initiates many
database connections, you might need to close the connection, to avoid
exhausting the capacity of your RDBMS server. You can use the
closeConnection() method to explicitly close
the underlying database connection.
Since release 1.7.2, you could check you are currently connected to the
RDBMS server with the method
This means that a connection resource has been initiated and wasn't closed. This
function is not currently able to test for example a server side closing of the
connection. This is internally use to close the connection. It allow you to close the
connection multiple times without errors. It was already the case before 1.7.2 for
PDO adapters but not for the others.
Does Zend_Db Support Persistent Connections?
Yes, persistence is supported through the addition of
the persistent flag set to
TRUE in the
configuration (not driver_configuration) of an adapter
Example 212. Using the Persitence Flag with the Oracle Adapter
$db = Zend_Db::factory('Oracle', array(
'host' => '127.0.0.1',
'username' => 'webuser',
'password' => 'xxxxxxxx',
'dbname' => 'test',
'persistent' => true
Please note that using persistent connections can cause an excess of idle connections on the RDBMS server, which causes more problems than any performance gain you might achieve by reducing the overhead of making connections.
Database connections have state. That is, some objects in the RDBMS server exist in session scope. Examples are locks, user variables, temporary tables, and information about the most recently executed query, such as rows affected, and last generated id value. If you use persistent connections, your application could access invalid or privileged data that were created in a previous PHP request.
Currently, only Oracle, DB2, and the PDO
adapters (where specified by PHP) support persistence in