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POSTing JSON Data With PHP cURL

Note: This article was originally published at Planet PHP on 22 November 2011.
Planet PHP

I got this question the other day: how to send a POST request from PHP with correctly-formatted JSON data? I referred to the slides from my web services tutorial for the answer, and I thought I'd also put it here, with a bit of explanation. After all, publishing your slides is all very well, but if you didn't see the actual tutorial, I often think they aren't too useful.

We can't send post fields, because we want to send JSON, not pretend to be a form (the merits of an API which accepts POST requests with data in form-format is an interesting debate). Instead, we create the correct JSON data, set that as the body of the POST request, and also set the headers correctly so that the server that receives this request will understand what we sent:

$data = array("name" = "Hagrid", "age" = "36"); $data_string = json_encode($data); A $ch = curl_init('http://api.local/rest/users'); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, "POST"); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data_string); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('Content-Type: application/json', 'Content-Length: ' . strlen($data_string))); A $result = curl_exec

Truncated by Planet PHP, read more at the original (another 1014 bytes)